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English to Binary Translator. The term binary simply refers to anything that has only two parts or pieces. For example, a binary choice is a choice between two things. In the context of computing, binary codes are used to store information. Computer scientists often refer to the two binary symbols as on off or true false or 0 1. There are lots of different ways to store information, so why use binary.
The answer is simply because transistors are the foundation of computation in all modern computers, and transistors have two states. Below is a simple explanation of how a binary number is converted into a decimal number. When we translate English to binary, we are actually doing 2 conversions. Convert the character into it s ASCII standard number. Convert that number into binary form. The next section explains the conversion process in a little more detail.
A Binary Alphabet. The ASCII specification gives a unique number to every textual character on your keyboard and dozens more. For example, the ASCII code for a is 97 and the ASCII code for b is 98. These codes are just regular numbers, nothing fancy, and so like all decimal numbers, they also have a binary representation. For example, the number 97 in base 2 another name for the binary number system is 1100001 and the binary equivalent of 98 is 1100010.
I also made a decimal to binary converter which you can use to try this out with different numbers if you want. So the ASCII number for a is 97, and the binary form of 97 is 1100001so the conversion is. This translator simply converts each letter to the binary form of it s ASCII code like we have shown above. I hope that makes sense.
Sorry if it s a bit confusing. There s a bunch of other cool stuff you can do with the concept of binary numbers - like binary fractals. So as long as you input ASCII characters into the box, their binary equivalents will be output on the other side. 63 shipping. shipping 54. 81 shipping. Podbean is an easy and powerful way to start a podcast.
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Highly, Exceptionally, and Profoundly Gifted. Subsequent research on the psycho-social development of the exceptionally and profoundly gifted suggested that the social development of these children is significantly more accelerated than is implied by Terman and his colleagues. Miraca Gross, Exceptionally Gifted Children. The 10 most commonly asked questions about highly gifted children by Kathi Kearney Who are the highly gifted. How many are there. These and many other questions answered.
Assessment of Preschool Giftedness by Torrance and Caropreso Lengthy discussion of preschool giftedness and the methods available for its assessment -- Advocating for Exceptionally Gifted Young People A Guidebook by Davidson Institute for Talent Development While the main goal of advocacy is appropriate educational placement, related goals include meeting the young person s social, emotional, and interest-based needs.
An essential component of effective educational advocacy is recognizing what you hope to achieve. The effects of acceleration on the social and emotional development of gifted students by Lynn Pollins The potential effects of acceleration on the social and emotional development of gifted students were examined from two perspectives. No study, regardless of its orientation on these dimensions, has demonstrated any permanent or significant negative effects of acceleration on social and emotional development.
There is no validity to the argument that acceleration is harmful to the social and emotional development of gifted youths. Exceptionally Gifted Children, 2nd edition by Miraca Gross If you have an exceptionally gifted child, Read This Book. A fascinating study of a small group of exceptionally gifted IQ 160 children, Gross follows these children over 20 years, and includes extensive details about their interests, family background, progress through school, and social and emotional as well as academic status.
Gross shows that when these children are not allowed to learn at an appropriate pace and level it places them at iq option jogo risk. Also available from from Amazon. ca Exceptionally and Profoundly Gifted Students An Underserved Population by Miraca Gross Our task as educators is to place the extremely, gifted child in the environment that will least restrict her opportunities for socialization.
Indecent Exposure Does the Media Exploit Highly Gifted Children. by Elizabeth Meckstroth and Kathi Kearney Whether the media exposure is accidental, or by choice, families of highly gifted children must be careful, and aware of their actions and responsibilities when dealing with the media and their highly gifted children. Handy advice for all parents. Factors in the Social Adjustment and Social Acceptability of Extremely Gifted Children by Miraca Gross W hereas ability grouping with age-peers, or a moderate degree of acceleration, may be an appropriate response to the academic and social needs of moderately gifted students, they are not adequate to the needs of the exceptionally and profoundly gifted.
Extremely gifted students require a carefully designed and monitored program of radical acceleration, linked to ability grouping and individualized instruction. From the saddest sound to the D Major chord The gift of accelerated progression by Miraca Gross Although the academic acceleration of gifted and talented students is probably the most comprehensively studied and evaluated of all educational interventions, many teachers are reluctant to accelerate gifted students for fear they will suffer social or emotional damage.
Yet research suggests that the bird that s tethered to the ground is at much greater risk of social isolation and emotional maladjustment through inappropriate grade placement with age-peers Genius Denied How to Stop Wasting Our Brightest Young Minds by Jan and Bob Davidson, with Laura Vanderkam The Davidsons, creators of educational software and founders of a nonprofit foundation that helps educate gifted children, offer an absorbing look at how our nation is neglecting children of exceptional intelligence.
The Davidsons make a compelling case for re-approaching giftedness as a potential disability to give more attention to gifted kids and an even stronger argument for parents, teachers and citizens to consider the potential iq option jogo to American society in the costliest imaginable terms. More than 60 years ago one of the earliest researchers on the cognitive and affective development of the gifted warned that extraordinarily gifted students were children at risk.
For excerpts and review, visit Genius Denied The number one resource for all kinds of information about exceptionally and profoundly gifted children, from development to education, identification to programs, special Interests, organizations, and more. By the Davidson Institute for Talent Development Gifted Kids at Risk Who s Listening. by Pat Schuler, Creative Insights It is time to say clearly bright kids are not better, yet they are different; and because they are, they face different issues.
Giftedness The view from within by Martha J. Morelock The different reality that marks giftedness. and how it plays out in physical, emotional, and practical asynchronies Guiding the Gifted Child A Practical Source for Parents and Teachers by James T. Meckstroth, Stephanie S. Webb, Elizabeth A. Tolan The classic text of this field The Highly Gifted by Kathi Kearney Understanding Our Gifted columns, from 1988 to 1990.
Topics include School Placement, The Early College Option, Highly Gifted Children In Isolated Rural Areas, Advocating for Highly Gifted Children, and many more. Homeschooling with Profoundly Gifted Kids by Kathryn Finn At the very least, parents of profoundly gifted children will need to enrich the educational experiences their children receive from standard schools. At the most, they assume responsibility for the whole learning process.
An excerpt from High IQ Kids Collected Insights, Information, and Personal Stories from the Experts Iowa Acceleration Scale Manual; A Guide for Whole-Grade Acceleration by Susan G. Assouline, Nicholas Colangelo, Ann Lupkowski-Shoplik, Jonathan Lipscomb, Leslie Forstadt For schools or parents, the Iowa Acceleration Scale provides a systematic and thorough approach to considering and implementing academic acceleration for gifted and talented students in grades K-8; read Hoagies detailed review.
Also available from Amazon. ca The Mysterious Case of Extreme Giftedness by Feldman Oddly, perhaps inexplicably, the most extreme forms of intellectual giftedness have been the least studied. 1 If performance rather than potential is the metric, then there seems to be not a single work in English. In 1930, Baumgarten, a Swiss contemporary of Hollingworth, published a study in which nine child prodigies were subjected to psychological analysis through test and interview.
2 These two works appear to be the sum total of the psychological literature on extreme giftedness, except of course the clinical case studies and biographical or retrospective accounts, such as Cox s estimate of the childhood IQ of prominent individuals living from 145 to 1853. Play Partner or Sure Shelter.
If one looks for studies of persons with a very high IQ, there is Hollingworth s 1940 case study of children above 180 IQ and little else. Parents Perspectives of Early College Entrance For Profoundly Gifted Children Readiness Issues and 1st College Class Options and Testing for Admittance and Choosing Enrollment Options by Beth Wright A comprehensive look at early college, from soup to nuts.
Why gifted children prefer older friends. by Miraca Gross A recent Australian study compared conceptions of friendship held by average ability students, moderately gifted and highly gifted primary school students. Average ability display age-appropriate development, associating friendship with sharing of material goods, reciprocal assistance with common play interests.
Gifted children, however, display friendship expectations which usually characterise children some years older, associating friendship with trust, intimacy and the sharing of deep confidences. Highly gifted children particularly seek fidelity, and friends who will accept them as they are - the sure shelter Radical Acceleration of Highly Gifted Children An Annotated Bibliography of International Research by Miraca U.
Gross and Helen E. vanVliet, a Templeton Foundation grant project The first-ever annotated bibliography of international research on highly gifted children who graduate from high school three or more years early. Tidbits include Educators who most actively supported acceleration were those individuals who had received some training in gifted education. Those who were most vocal in their opposition admitted to having no such training, In all studies the attitudes of students towards acceleration were positive both in terms of their academic needs and their social and emotional needs.
Students in all three studies reported high levels of satisfaction, academically and emotionally, when the curriculum was challenging and provided them with options, and when they were allowed a voice in its design and execution, and The percentage of individuals married was about the same for men in all groups, with a slightly higher rate of marriage for highly accelerated men.
Women who were members of the highly accelerated group were less likely to marry. Separations and divorces occurred less often among the highly accelerated subjects. requires Adobe Reader Radical acceleration and early entry to college A review of the research by Miraca U. Gross, in Gifted Child Quarterly Research provides strong support for the use of thoughtfully planned and monitored radical acceleration as a process allowing educators to respond to the academic and affective needs of a significant subgroup of the gifted population.
These students earn higher GPAs, and they are more likely to complete college on time or early, earn general and departmental honors, make the dean s list, enter graduate school, engage in research, and embark on prestigious careers. Research also documents positive outcomes for social and emotional development. Small poppies Highly gifted children in the early years by Miraca Gross Highly gifted children are frequently placed at risk in the early years of school through misidentification, inappropriate grade-placement and a seriously inadequate curriculum.
Additional factors are their own early awareness, that they differ from their age-peers, and their consequent attempts to conceal their ability for peer acceptance. Ageism by Adela What really determines a person s ability to take these things upon his- or herself is that nebulous quality of maturity, not the strict, legally defined quantity of age. Metaphorically Speaking Great Metaphors for Gifted Education Many excellent analogies explaining gifted education.
Asynchrony Homeschooling an Exceptionally Gifted Child Exceptionally gifted children are so different from their age mates, they often do not fit in school situations. Beth s Arsenal for EG PG Advocates. Links and articles just for the HG PG child and parents -- Boy genius set to become youngest-ever grad of Independent Study High School program by Joe Duggan, Lincoln Star Journal Like any 10-year-old kid on the cusp of summer, Brandenn Bremmer can t wait to seize the days.
There are golf balls to hit. There s tents to pitch and campfires to build. And there s robots to program and Venus fly traps to propagate and Beethoven piano concertos to polish. Also Farm family adapts to raise boy who may graduate high school in two years and Boy genius ready for bigger things. But first, there s a high school diploma to pick up.
There are fish to catch. A sad ending Parents struggle with loss of child prodigy also by Joe Duggan. But a happy memorial, his original music, Elements and Dimensions But What About the Prom. Students Perceptions of Early College Entrance by Kathleen Noble and Julie Drummond This study examined student perceptions of early college entrance, focusing on the reasons students choose this unusual educational option; their experiences with peers, regular-age students, and professors; and the effects of skipping high school on their social, emotional, and intellectual development requires Adobe Reader A Call for Understanding by Jean Schweers I am concerned about the lack of understanding that highly and profoundly gifted children get in the educational system The challenge of the highly gifted special needs child by Meredith G.
is that they learn an even more damaging lesson that if they cannot do a task right away, they won t be able to do it at all. Challenging Highly Gifted Learners Barbara Gilman, Frances A. Warshaw The problem for twice-exceptional children. Karnes, and Kristen R. Stephens Focuses on challenges to highly, exceptionally and profoundly gifted learners. Assessment ceilings, educational strategies, parent advocacy and more.
A Civil Rights Action for Gifted Children by Wenda Sheard Unfortunately, the Supreme Court declined to hear the case. We have lost. Read the actual filling. CLANCY, a minor v. QUESTIONS PRESENTED FOR REVIEW 1. Does the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA expressly preclude any determination that an extremely gifted child is a special needs child capable of being qualified for funding related to his or her individual educational needs.
JACK O CONNELL, in his official capacity as Superintendent of Education for the State of California. Does the No Child Left Behind Act NCLBA exclude extremely gifted children from receiving a publicly funded education. Living through school is one of the hardest things you have to do as a kid, well, yeah, duh. Written by 16-year-old pg child, thanks to Britesparks site -- Teasing and gifted children by Patricia A.
Schuler Many gifted children and adolescents are targets of teasing and bullying. Some of their peers and teachers may perceive them as too verbaltoo bossytoo smart, too nerdy. Because gifted children and adolescents tend to be highly sensitive to others, their reactions to being teased are extremely intense. Testing and Measurement of Highly Gifted Children. See Testing and Assessment.
To My Teacher by Shaun I didn t ask for it. This mind that seems to so repulse you. It s not my fault I m different in a way you cannot stand. I cannot understand why a man like you could fear me. But fear is what I see in you - it s either that or hate. Top 1 in 10,000 A 10-Year Follow-Up of the Profoundly Gifted by David Lubinski, Rose Mary Webb, Martha J. Morelock, and Camilla P. Benbow Adolescents identified before the age of 13.
as having exceptional mathematical or verbal reasoning abilities top 1 in 10,000 were tracked over 10 years. They pursued doctoral degrees at rates 50 times base-rate expectations, with several participants having created noteworthy literary, scientific, or technical products by their early 20s. This special population strongly preferred educational opportunities tailored to their precocious rate of learning.
requires Adobe Understanding and Encouraging the Exceptionally Gifted by Bruce E. Kline and Elizabeth A. Meckstroth In this article, five facets of critical development are highlighted a interpersonal relationships; b acknowledgement of uniqueness; c school adjustment; d creative self-expressions; and e user-friendly environment. In each area, several interventive strategies are suggested.
Vulnerabilities of Highly Gifted Children by Wendy Roedell This article examines the unique vulnerabilities of children with extraordinarily advanced intellectual skills, and highlights the differences between highly gifted and moderately gifted children. What We ve Learned About Gifted Children Linda Silverman s summary of 17 now 23. years of observations, including There are way more profoundly gifted children in the population than anyone realizes, Mildly, moderately, highly and profoundly gifted children are as different from each other as mildly, moderately, severely and profoundly retarded children are from each other, but the differences among levels of giftedness are rarely recognized, and Brothers and sisters are usually within 5 or 10 points in measured ability.
What the Experts Tell Us about Extreme Intelligence by The Davidson Institute for Talent Development about the Early Years, about Race, Gender, and Family, about Behavior and Conduct, about Vulnerabilities, and lots more. When Schools Fail Is Homeschooling Right For You and Your Highly Gifted Child. by Karen Morse In a classroom of 25 to 30 children it is hard for even the best teachers to meet the individual needs of every child.
The highly gifted children in our country are the only group of children who receive no federal mandate for a free and appropriate education. Full inclusion classes are the norm in our country rather than the exception, but the diversity and variance of abilities in a regular inclusion classroom is gaping for the child who needs rapid acceleration and engaging material. SB L-M Scores collected by Carolyn K. Now collecting data points for a new table Data Collection Old and New IQ Test Score Pairs comparing WISC-III and SB-IV scores to the newest versions, WISC-IV and SB-5 scores.
Wunderkinds by Roberta Staley According to experts, gifted children are not normal and should not be treated as such. no conclusions can easily be drawn from WISC-III or WPPSI-R subtests ceilings to indicate how MUCH higher a child will score on the SB form L-M, but they nearly all DO score higher. by Melissa Hendricks Preliminary results of a 20-year follow-up indicate that most have been successful.
Nor should they be treated as freaks of nature. Yesterday s Whiz Kids Where Are They Today. They shouldn t be in a regular classroom and simply handed extra work, or held up as role models to kids of more moderate intellect. This new table of over 50 students shows that. Their intellectual needs are as great and demanding as the specialized needs of a disabled child. WISC-III and or WPPSI-R vs. Many achieved advanced degrees. Many rose to outstanding careers at an early age Young Brilliant, Blessed Cursed by Patti Hartigan, The Boston Globe They are barely into their teens, yet they are declared the next Mozart or even a modern Messiah.
But child prodigies are often both misunderstood and openly ostracized, and, as adults, they struggle under the burden of their astonishing intelligence. Smith Goes to College by Jennifer Lenhart Washington Post It was the first day of the fall semester at Randolph-Macon, and Greg, a 10-year-old who only three years ago started second grade, was eager to begin his freshman year Last updated August 03, 2020 -. Postsecondary Education Options for Students with Intellectual Disabilities.
Research to Practice 45. By Debra Hart, Meg Grigal, Caren Sax, Donna Martinez, and Madeleine Will. Exiting high school is an exciting and tense experience for all students and families. But when students with intellectual disabilities consider what will happen next, the possibility of college is usually not promoted as a viable option. This needs to change. Receiving a college education and experiencing that very exciting time in life is as beneficial for students with intellectual disabilities as for students without.
For students with intellectual disabilities, this growth is also reflected in increased self-esteem when they begin to see themselves as more similar to than different from their peers without disabilities. Being part of campus life, taking classes whether auditing or for creditand learning to navigate a world of high expectations develops the skills needed for successful adult life. When we keep college in the mix of possibilities as students with intellectual disabilities explore which steps to take after high school, it makes the statement that we believe in their potential for success.
The growth that students experience in college can be measured in a number of areas, including academic and personal skill-building, employment, independence, self-advocacy, and self-confidence. Overview of Postsecondary Models. Some local school systems nationwide partner with two- and four-year public and private colleges to offer dual enrollment options to students with intellectual disabilities, age 18 and over, who are still receiving services from their school system under IDEA.
There are an estimated 2000-3000 students with intellectual disabilities annually who are eligible for PSE options. Parents and local school systems typically initiate interest in pursuing these options, while local school system personnel coordinate student services. Some options are linked to teacher or rehabilitation professional preparation programs at the host institution, and participants from these degree programs provide a range of supports to students with intellectual disabilities.
Very few PSE programs offer dorm experiences. Often, services end when the student ages out of public school, most often at age 21 or 22. There are three main types of PSE models mixed or hybrid, substantially separate, and totally inclusive. Within each model, a wide range of supports and services is provided. Each model is described in the order of prevalence. Mixed hybrid model Students participate in social activities and or academic classes with students without disabilities for audit or credit and also participate in classes with other students with disabilities sometimes referred to as life skills or transition classes.
This model typically provides students with employment experience on- or off-campus. Substantially separate model Students participate only in classes with other students with disabilities sometimes referred to as a life skills or transition program. Students may have the opportunity to participate in generic social activities on campus and may be offered employment experience, often through a rotation of pre-established employment slots on- or off-campus. Inclusive individual support model Students receive individualized services e.educational coach, tutor, technology, natural supports in college courses, certificate programs, and or degree programs, for audit or credit.
The individual student s vision and career goals drive services. There is no program base on campus. The focus is on establishing a student-identified career goal that directs the course of study and employment experiences e.internships, apprenticeships, work-based learning. Built on a collaborative approach via an interagency team adult service agencies, generic community services, and the college s disability support officeagencies identify a flexible range of services and share costs.
Fewer programs that serve adults or youth age 21 and older fall within these three models and offer the same range of services. The major difference between dual enrollment and adult PSE options is that the local education system no longer participates in providing student supports. Primarily, the student and family maintain momentum. Efforts are supported financially iq option jogo the following ways. IDEA funds Dual enrollment programs are often funded by the school system using IDEA or local school district funds.
Additionally, the higher education institution can waive tuition. Vocational Rehabilitation VR If student s coursework is directly related to accessing employment, state VR funds might be used. Additionally, some VR agencies may offer a tuition waiver for eligible students. Family funds PSE options can be paid for by students families. Students without a standard high school diploma are not eligible to apply for financial aid, nor can their families use college savings or 529 plans to pay tuition and fees.
This limits access for economically challenged students. Other rehabilitation organizations State developmental disability mental retardation departments may provide funding to assist a student with intellectual disabilities to access PSE. Scholarships Foundations or organizations can give scholarships to students enrolling in PSE regardless of their financial or disability status, providing the student meets other requirements.
Individual colleges also award annual scholarships based on demonstrated financial need. AmeriCorps programs Funded by the Corporation for National and Community Service, these programs provide an education award or stipend to participants who volunteer for one or two years. Plans for Achieving Self-Support PASS Plans PASS Plans were developed by the Social Security Administration as an incentive to encourage individuals who receive Supplemental Security Income SSI or Supplemental Security Disability Income SSDI to enter the workforce.
This plan allows an individual to work and save money without being penalized with a deduction from their SSI or SSDI check. There are restrictions on how the saved money can be used, but college tuition and fees would be permissible if shown to relate to a career goal and outcome. Postsecondary Education PSE. Education after the high-school level. This brief presents the following information about postsecondary education for students with intellectual disabilities.
Options for students with intellectual disabilities include community colleges, four-year colleges and institutions, vocational-technical colleges, and the other various forms of adult education.mental retardationwhose disability impacts their ability to access course content without a strong system of educational supports and services. These are not students who would access the postsecondary education system in a typical manner; rather, they require significant planning and collaboration to provide them with access.
This population typically though not always includes students who a take the alternative state assessment; b exit secondary education with an alternative diploma, such as IEP diploma or a certificate of attendance, instead of a typical high school diploma; and c qualify to receive services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA until they are 21.
Of all students with disabilities, those with intellectual disabilities have the poorest post-school outcomes. Until recently, the option of attending college, especially the opportunity to participate in typical coursework, has not been available to high school students with intellectual disabilities. The usual options for these students, especially those past the age of 18, have been limited to segregated life skills or community-based transition programs.
Inclusive PSE options are beginning to replace such programs and have great potential to improve student outcomes. The following research findings outline the current knowledge of PSE options and outcomes for students with intellectual disabilities. There are approximately 110 PSE programs across 28 states. These programs are listed on www. net, a website that is devoted to the topic of PSE for students with intellectual disabilities.
The majority of programs 74 support students with disabilities who are dually enrolled in high school and college. Thirty-three percent of the programs supported adult students with intellectual disabilities in PSE. Some programs support both. Parents and local education agencies initiate the majority of programs. Families are expressing an increased desire for their son or daughter with intellectual disabilities to attend PSE after exiting the school system.
When surveyed about desired post-school outcomes, 36 of parents of students with intellectual disabilities and other low-incidence disabilities indicated that a four-year college was their first choice. Twenty-two percent of parents wanted a community college. Families need more information on PSE options to use when developing young adults transition goals. The majority of postsecondary programs identify attitude and low expectations as the most significant barriers to overcome.
Additional barriers, in order of significance, are funding, including access to student financial aid for students with disabilities who lack a high school diploma; transportation; and entrance requirements, including ability to benefit tests. A matched-cohort follow-up study of 40 students with intellectual disabilities looked at 20 students who had some type of PSE experience noncredit audit, certificate course, courses for credit, fully matriculating and 20 with no PSE experience.
Findings revealed that students with intellectual disabilities who had some type of PSE experience were much more likely to obtain competitive employment, required fewer supports, and earned higher wages.
Coments:29.03.2020 : 20:46 Tokora:
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